Understanding how global agreements impact on policy and legislation in Australia
economic Security4Women’s e-paper looks as why it is important to understand the role and impact of International Agreements on National Policy in Australia
Australia is a representative democracy founded under the values of: freedom of election and being elected; freedom of assembly and political participation; freedom of speech, expression and religious belief; rule of law; and other basic human rights.
It is a society ruled by policies and legislation with transparent feedback mechanisms that are open to scrutiny. Policy and Politics go hand in hand. Policy is a deliberate system of principles to guide decisions and achieve rational outcomes. The domain of policy serves to define a society and should include the needs of all. It includes most of what a community collectively does to meet the social, political and economic needs of all and works to protect and enable its weakest members. In principle, Social policy and social protection should go hand in hand.
Australia recognises it is part of a global community and a global market and in order to grow and compete in this global environment there is need for strong links to International and Regional Agreements at the national level.
Just as society continually changes, so do the influences that define what policies and legislation a country needs. Each policy requires mechanisms and resources to implement and a measurement of effectiveness and review. As Policies have expected and unexpected outcomes, and new and evolving issues emerge, it is also essential that transparency and accountability mechanisms are in place and there is the opportunity to develop new policies or amend existing policies. In Australia, the policy cycle is well documented and shown below.